Glaucoma

What is glaucoma?

 

Glaucoma is a fairly common eye disease that cause inner-eye fluid pressure to progressively rise, resulting in vision loss and sometimes blindness. Nearly 3 million people in the United States have Glaucoma and it is currently one of the leading causes of blindness in this country.

Are there different types of glaucoma?

 

There are three primary kinds of glaucoma, and several types of glaucoma that are much less common. Most can be successfully treated with eye drops, laser treatment, prescription medications, or a combination of all of these.

  • Open Angle Glaucoma (also called chronic glaucoma) is the most common kind of glaucoma in the United States. There are a number of risk factors for open angle glaucoma, which include hypertension, diabetes, family history, race and age. Treatment commonly include eye drops, but treatment may also include specialized glaucoma laser surgery. Usually patients with open angle glaucoma have no symptoms, and the condition is generally painless.

  • Narrow Angle Glaucoma (also called narrow angle glaucoma and closure glaucoma) is fairly uncommon in the United States, but is prevalent in Asian countries. Patients with narrow angle glaucoma often have some symptoms including eye pain, halos around lights, nausea, and headache. Treatment for this kind of glaucoma usually includes lasers.

  • Angle Recession Glaucoma is usually brought on by major blunt trauma. Most patients will experience no symptoms.

 

Your best defense is to have regular eye exams and glaucoma screening tests.

 

Treatment

 

There are multiple ways we treat glaucoma. Treatment for glaucoma usually focuses on monitoring eye pressure and measuring changes in the patient’s ability to see peripherally. Glaucoma is usually considered controlled if the affected eye’s pressure is at an acceptable level and there is little or no loss of peripheral visual field.

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